Appendix: questions, doubts, classes that never were

 

Factory photo of the KFNB No.803 (WrN 4482/1902), later kkStB 27.03, then SD 354.503 and MV 331,003. Written off in January 1953. Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org.

 

 

NWB No.345 Kessler (WLF 162/1874), then kkStB 171.33, later taken over by SD and re-numbered 411.031, withdrawn in February 1956. Location and date unknown. Source: as above.

 

 

SD 411.019 (former NWB No.340 Conrad Vorlauf, then kkStB 171.20, Sigl 1740/1873) under restoration at Vytopna Jarom, Czech Republic. Photo taken on August 25, 2004.

 

 

The same locomotive, photographed on June 3, 2017, by someone who wishes to be known as Rainerhaufe. Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org.

 

 

KkStB 4732 (ex KEB No.139 Gaisbach, Sigl 1062/1871), then re-numbered 47.32. Taken over in 1938 by DRG and once again re-numbered 53 7102, it was returned to BB and served as 53.7102 until October 1958. Ebensee, around 1900. Source: as above.

 

 

KEB No.106 Fusch (Sigl 652/1868), later kkStB 4707, then 47.07. Taken over by DRG, it was re-numbered 53 7101; returned after the war, it remained in service with BB until November 1958. Heizhaus Strasshof, Austria, June 20. 2009.

 

 

DBE No.28 (WrN 2265/1876), later kkStB 5320, then 53.20. Taken over by PKP, it was withdrawn before 1925. Location and date unknown. Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org.

 

 

BNB No.63 (Sigl 1212/1871). Later kkStB 53.33, it was taken over by PKP and withdrawn before 1925. Location and date unknown. Source: as above.

 

 

Factory photo of the StEG 2605 (StEG 2827/1900). Later impressed into kkStB as 406.05, it was finally taken over by SD, re-numbered 264.203 and written off in April 1937. Source: as above.

 

 

KFNB No.292 Granica (StEG 719/1865), later kkStB 149.06, withdrawn in 1926. Location and date unknown. Source: as above.

 

 

KFNB No.317 Sokolnitz (Sigl 604/1868), later kkStB 149.29, withdrawn in 1929. Location and date unknown. Source: as above.

 

 

Factory photo of the StEG 3610 (StEG 3466/1908), later kkStB 211.10, then SD 363.10 and finally MV 329,509. Withdrawn in December 1961. Source: as above.

 

 

Most probably this photo has given birth to PKP class OKh10. In fact it depicts British LMS 3F 7613 (Beardmore 361/1928), taken over by War Department and re-numbered 8, then lost in France in 1940. Picture taken at the Berlin Tempelhof depot in 1953 or 1954, shortly before scrapping. Source: www.drehscheibe-online.de.

 

 

Another suggested candidate for class OKh10 is GWR class 2301 Dean Goods, also via WD and France. This GWR 2516 (Swindon, 1897) was photographed at the Museum of the Great Western Railway, Swindon, UK, on June 24.2010.

 

 

Yet another voice in the discussion on PKP class OKh10: WD 179 (GWR 2466) fitted with pannier tanks. Canterbury East, September 1940. Source: Allied Military Locomotives of the Second World War (see References).

 

 

NWB No.193 Hans Gasser (WLF 31/1872), later kkStB 151.55, then SD 312.239 and finally MV 351,011, withdrawn in June 1954. Location and date unknown. Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org.

 

 

Despite the progress in railway-related research in Poland, many unanswered questions, unresolved doubts and blanks still remain. This refers mainly to locomotives of Austro-Hungarian origin, of which many were withdrawn early, before new designation system came into use. This Appendix provides a concise summary of obscure classes:

-        those with unknown Polish class assignment,

-        those with no Polish class assignment and no reliable information on service in Poland,

-        those which most probably never existed.

Hopefully these blanks will be filled one day. Of course, any information is most welcome.

 

KkStB class 27 (SD class 354.5, MV class 331)

 

Between 1902 and 1903 Wiener Neustadt built eleven passenger locomotives for Kaiser Ferdinands-Nordbahn (KFNB), classed IIIc and numbered 801 through 811. They were delivered in two batches, numbering seven and four examples, respectively, and differing mainly in boiler details. These engines featured 2-3-0 axle arrangement, ran on saturated steam and had maximum speed of 80 km/h. With the nationalization of KFNB in October 1906, all were taken over by state railways kkStB; in 1909 they were classed 27. After WWI they were in turn taken over by Czechoslovakian state railways SD and classed 354.5. With the exception of 354.507 (ex 27.07), which was written off in November 1933, all survived until WWII and were transferred to Hungarian State Railways MV (class 331). After the war one example was taken over by Yugoslavian state railways JD and one ended up in the Soviet Union. Three remained with MV and were written off in 1953. The rest (five examples) were initially taken over by PKP. It is, however, doubtful if they saw any service. Most probably no Polish numbers were assigned or even earmarked for them. In March 1948 all were returned to SD, to be written off in 1949. Not a single example has been preserved.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 2.

 

KkStB class 171 (SD class 411.0)

 

As far as I know, there were four encounters of Polish railways with kkStB class 171 freight locomotives. Despite this, information on its service in Poland is virtually nonexistent.

In 1873 Sigl (Wiener Neustadt works) delivered twenty freight locomotives with 0-4-0 axle arrangement to k.k. privilegierte sterreichische Nordwestbahn (NWB), classed VIIa. NWB were apparently satisfied with them, so more orders followed. Fourteen examples were delivered by WLF in 1874 (class VIIb), ten by Esslingen in 1882 (class VIIc), five by Wiener Neustadt in 1883 (class VIId) and five by WLF in 1883 (class VIIe). Further eight were built by WLF for Lemberg-Czernowitz-Jassy Eisenbahn (LCJE) between 1877 and 1878. The above-mentioned batches differed in minor details. LCJE was nationalized in 1889 and NWB followed in 1908. All 62 locomotives were taken over by state railways kkStB and re-numbered 171.01 through 20 (NWB class VIIa), 171.21 through 28 (LCJE) and 171.29 through 62 (NWB classes VIIb, c, d and e).

After WWI 171.53 (ex NWB 365, Wiener Neustadt 2770/1883) was taken over by PKP. It was withdrawn before 1925. It is not known whether any class designation was earmarked for it and information on service is lacking. The remaining 61 examples went to Czechoslovakian state railways SD. Two were written off in 1924 and the rest were classed 411.0 and numbered 411.001 through 059 in 1925. According to Austrian and Czech sources, five examples (411.020 through 024, all originally built for LCJE) were sold to PKP in March 1933. This is rather surprising: almost sixty-years old and totally obsolete locomotives were of little value, if any. No information on their subsequent fate is available. 411.002 (ex 171.02, Sigl 1722/1873) and 411.036 (ex 171.28, WLF 167/1874) fell into Polish hands after annexation of Zaolzie (part of Upper Silesia) in November 1938. In 1939 the former was impressed into Ostbahn and the latter into DRG, but in March 1940 both were transferred to Hungarian state railways MV and numbered 459,109 and 459,110, respectively. After the war both were returned to PKP, but most probably saw no service. Finally, 411.052 (ex 171.55, Wiener Neustadt 2772/1883) and 411.053 (ex 171.56, Wiener Neustadt 2773/1883) were taken over by MV directly from SD in November 1939 and transferred to PKP in 1945. Similarly, no information on their possible service is available. All four above-mentioned locomotives were handed over to SD in March 1948.

Last locomotive of this type in service was 411.054 (ex 171.57, Wiener Neustadt 2774/1883), written off in November 1962. 411.019 (ex NWB 340 Conrad Vorlauf, then 171.20, Sigl 1740/1873), sold to industry in 1955, has been preserved at the railway museum Vtopna Jarom in Czech Republic. Currently it is undergoing restoration. 411.019 is the oldest preserved Czech locomotive.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 3.

 

KkStB class 47

 

Between 1867 and 1877 k.k. privilegierte Kaiserin Elisabeth-Bahn (KEB) took delivery of 61 freight locomotives with the 0-3-0 axle arrangement, classed IV. Three of them were built by StEG and three by Wiener Neustadt; the rest came from Sigl. All were given individual names. KEB was nationalized in 1884, so next eight engines of this type, ordered from Krauss Linz, were supplied directly to kkStB and numbered 282 through 289. In 1885 all 69 examples were numbered 4701 through 4769; in 1902 they were re-numbered 47.01 through 69. Between 1885 and 1901 they were re-boilered with four distinct boiler varieties, including one of the Brotan type.

47.65 was written off in 1904 and 47.43 followed in 1915. After the war the majority of the remaining 67 examples were kept by Austrian state railways BB. Ten were taken over by Italian state railways FS; classed 222, they were withdrawn between 1923 and 1928. Three went to the railways of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croatians and Slovenians (SHS) and remained in service until 1930. PKP took over five examples, but 47.49 was returned to BB in November 1919. The remaining four were withdrawn before 1924 and no information on their service is available. Class designation earmarked for them is not known.

Only three locomotives of this type remained in the BB service until 1938. After Anschluss they were impressed into DRG and numbered 53 7101 through 53 7103. Returned after the war and impressed into Austrian state railways BB, they retained their DRG numbers, but written in the Austrian manner: 53.7101 through 7103. All were written off in 1958. Former KEB 106 Fusch (then kkStB 4717, later 47.17, DRG 53 7101, BB 53.7101) has been preserved. Initially plinthed in Linz, it was later transferred to Heizhaus Strasshof.

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         KT vol. 2.

 

KkStB class 53

 

Class 53 of Austro-Hungarian state railways kkStB in fact comprised two sub-classes differing mainly in boiler details. Both were freighters with the 0-3-0 axle arrangement. First 26 examples were originally built for k.k. privilegierte Dux-Bodenbacher Eisenbahn (DBE) between 1872 and 1882 by Sigl (seventeen), Wiener Neustadt (six) and StEG (three). They featured two types of boilers, with 177 or 181 flues and steam pressure of 9 bar. Maximum speed was 45 km/h. They were numbered 9 through 34. Following nationalization of DBE in 1892 all were impressed into kkStB as 5301 through 5326, later re-numbered 53.01 through 26.

Similar locomotives for k.k. privilegierte Bhmische Nordbahn (BNB) enjoyed an extremely long production run. First ten examples were delivered between 1871 and 1873 by Sigl. Deliveries from Wiener Neustadt 23 examples in all commenced in 1875 and last two examples were delivered in 1901, when this type was completely obsolete. BNB was nationalized in 1908; all 33 engines were taken over by kkStB and numbered 53.31 through 63 (numbers 53.27 through 30 were not used). This sub-class featured two types of boilers, both with 191 flues, later variant being fitted with larger grate. Steam pressure was 10 or 12 bar. One example, 53.44, was experimentally fitted with Brotan boiler with 199 flues. Maximum speed was 50 km/h.

After the war 53.55 was taken over by Italian state railways FS and numbered 218.001; it was withdrawn in November 1923. The rest were divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland. SD took over twenty examples of the first variety (class 314.0) and fifteen of the second one (class 323.1). Some were written off before WWII and last remained in service until 1952. PKP received six and seventeen engines of the first and second varieties, respectively. Numbering 23 examples in all, this class was quite numerous compared to many other Austrians. However, all were written off before 1925 and it is not known what class designation was earmarked for them. No locomotive of this type has been preserved.

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 2;

-         KT vol. 2.

 

KkStB class 406 (SD class 264.2)

 

Austro-Hungarian k. k. privilegierte sterreichische Staatseisenbahn-Gesellschaft (StEG a private railway, despite its name) was founded in 1854. In 1855 the company purchased the oldest Austrian locomotive works, founded in 1839, which since then were named k.k. landesbefugte Maschinen-Fabrik in Wien der privilegirten sterreichisch-ungarischen Staats-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft; instead of this rather lengthy name, they were commonly known as StEG. Between 1900 and 1902 the railway took delivery of sixteen express locomotives (class 26, service numbers 2601 through 2616) with the 2-2-0 axle arrangement, intended mainly for the Vienna-Budapest line. They featured 2100 mm drivers, ran on saturated steam and were generally similar to kkStB classes 6 (PKP Pd12) and 106 (PKP Pd13). The railway was nationalized in 1909 and all these locomotives were impressed into kkStB as class 406. After the war all were taken over by Czechoslovakian state railways SD. 406.04 was written off in 1922 and 406.01 in 1924. The rest were classed 264.2 in 1925. All but two were written off before WWII. In 1939, following the annexation of certain territories of Czechoslovakia by Hungary, 264.202 (ex 406.03, StEG 2825/1900) and 264.206 (ex 406.08, StEG 2830/1900) were taken over by MV and re-numbered 227,001 and 227,002, respectively. The latter was withdrawn in 1953. 227,001 was impressed into DRG in November 1944, but no service number was assigned. In 1945 this locomotive was in turn taken over by PKP, but no information on its service (if any) is available and its ultimate fate is unknown. No example of this type has been preserved.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 2.

 

KkStB class 149 (SD class 311.3)

 

The most numerous class of locomotives operated by Austro-Hungarian Kaiser Ferdinands-Nordbahn (KFNB) was class IX (since 1881 class Vc). Between 1865 and 1870 77 examples were delivered from StEG (nine) and Sigl (68), in two variants: IXa (later Vc1, 25) and IXb (later Vc2, 52 examples). The latter type differed mainly in boiler details, had higher boiler pressure and was slightly shorter and lighter. Oddly enough, both these variants were built in parallel. These were freight engines with the 0-3-0 axle arrangement, with outer frames and 1266 mm drivers. All had individual names. One example was withdrawn in 1907 and another one in 1909. The remaining 75 engines were impressed into kkStB following the nationalization of KFNB in 1909 and classed 149.

Seven examples were written off until the end of WWI. After the war these already obsolete locomotives were divided between Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Austrian state railways BB kept 23 examples; last were withdrawn in 1929. Czechoslovakian state railways SD took over 34 engines. Seven had been withdrawn before new designation system was introduced in 1925; the rest were classed 311.3. The last example, 311.22 (ex 149.62, Sigl 731/1869) was withdrawn from Slovakian railways S in 1940. PKP took over two examples of the Vc1 variety and eight of the other. All were written off before 1924 and it is not known whether any new designation was earmarked for them. No locomotive of this type has been preserved.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 3.

 

KkStB class 211 (SD class 363.0, MV class 329)

 

Among last locomotives purchased by Austro-Hungarian k. k. privilegierte sterreichische Staatseisenbahn-Gesellschaft (StEG) were ten express engines with the 2-3-0 axle arrangement, built at the railways works in 1908. They ran on superheated steam and featured 1800 mm drivers. Their maximum speed was 90 km/h. They were classed 36 and numbered 3601 through 3610. StEG was nationalized in 1909 and all these engines were impressed into state railways kkStB as 211.01 through 10. After the war they were taken over by Czechoslovakian state railways SD as class 363.0. Following disintegration of Czechoslovakia between 1938 and 1939 and annexation of some of its territory by Hungary, they changed hands once again and were impressed into state railways MV as 329,501 through 510. After WWII five locomotives of this type remained in Hungary, the last one being withdrawn in April 1963. Three returned to Czechoslovakia and were withdrawn between 1949 and 1952. Ultimate fate of the 329,501 is unknown. A single example (StEG 3463/1908, kkStB 211.07, SD 363.07, MV 329,509) was impressed into PKP. It was not given any Polish service number and it is doubtful if it saw any service at all. It was returned to Czechoslovakia in March 1948 and written off in April 1957. No locomotive of this type has been preserved.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 2.

 

PKP class OKh10

 

Some Internet sources mention of the existence of PKP class OKh10. Supposedly this class comprised just one engine of British origin, captured by German troops in France, which somehow made its way to Poland. Evidence is provided by a photo of an abandoned three-axle tank locomotive evidently of British origin, with rather blurred markings. This is one of eight examples of London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Fowler class 3F engines, taken over by War Department (WD) in March 1940, numbered 8 through 15 and sent to France. This class was a numerous one, 422 being built by seven British manufacturers between 1924 and 1931. They featured the 0-3-0 axle arrangement, ran on saturated steam and were commonly referred to as Jinty. Of those selected by WD, all but one were from a batch supplied by William Beardmore & Co. in 1928. According to R. Tourret (see References), Nos. 8, 13 and 15 were destroyed by British forces retreating from Dunkirk. The rest fell into German hands and were operated by SNCF in occupied France as class 030TW; after the war they were returned to British Railways. Some sources, however, maintain that only two engines were actually destroyed (probably dumped into the sea). No. 8 (LMS 7613, Beardmore 361/1928) was reportedly kept by Wehrmacht and later taken over by DR in Eastern Germany. The photo shows this locomotive at the Berlin Tempelhof depot between 1953 and 1954. It was later scrapped. The inscription Wehrmacht can be easily seen, together with the numeral 8. So why a PKP class? OKH abbreviation is visible, together with 10. The fact is, however, that this is not a class designation, but refers to Oberkommando des Heeres (Supreme Command of Land Forces). Website www.drehscheibe-online.de makes it clear: OKH bedeutet wohl Oberkommando des Heeres und hat nichts mit dem polnischen Bezeichnungssystem zu tun.

Some documents suggest, however, that PKP class OKh10 did exist (many thanks to Piotr Staszewski!). Moreover, it was reportedly of British origin. A probable candidate is another WD locomotive used in Europe during the war, namely Great Western Railway (GWR) class 2301 Dean Goods. Between 1883 and 1899 railways works of Swindon built 260 engines of this type, featuring the 0-3-0 axle arrangement and running on saturated steam. Some of them were used by British forces in France between 1917 and 1919. Despite their age, WD found them very useful and in late 1939 and early 1940 requisitioned 100 examples. Further eight were taken over in October 1940. They were re-numbered 93 through 200. Ten were converted into tank engines by fitting pannier tanks and condensing gear. 79 were sent to France between October 1939 and April 1940. Little is known about their service there. Probably 56 examples that fell into German hands were transferred to SNCF in occupied France and classed 030W. After the war 26 examples were sent to China under UNRRA auspices; they were re-classed XK3. WD 188 (ex GWR 2435), captured by Germans following evacuation of British forces, was for some time used by Wehrmacht in Austria. Captured by Soviet forces, it saw some service and was subsequently scrapped. This might be a candidate for Polish OKh10. The problem is that this particular engine was not fitted with pannier tanks, while Polish designation indicates a tank locomotive. This question requires further study; a plain error in hand-written documents cannot be excluded.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.drehscheibe-online.de;

-         www.en.wikipedia.org;

-         Allied Military Locomotives of the Second World War by R. Tourret (Tourret Publishing, 1995);

-         Piotr Staszewski and Chris West (private communication).

 

KkStB class 151 (SD class 312.2, MV class 351)

 

K.k. privilegierte sterreichische Nordwestbahn (NWB), founded in 1868, operated many important lines in Lower Austria, Moravia and Bohemia. Between 1871 and 1872 this company purchased 58 three-axle (0-3-0) freight locomotives from Hanomag (twenty, class Vb), Schwartzkopff (twelve, class Vc) and WLF (two batches sixteen class Vd, including the very first locomotive built by WLF, and ten class Ve). Individual batches differed in details. These locomotives featured outer frames and single-expansion steam engines. All had individual names. Following nationalization of NWB in 1909 all but three examples (already written off) were taken over by Austro-Hungarian state railways kkStB and numbered 151.01 through 151.55. Eight examples were withdrawn between 1910 and 1918. After the war the rest were taken over by Czechoslovakian state railways SD. Of these, 39 were classed 312.2 in 1925, the rest being withdrawn before new designation system came into use. Several were converted into stationary boilers. Most were written off before 1938.

Following disintegration of Czechoslovakia, eleven examples were taken over by Hungarian state railways MV and classed 351. Three of them, impressed into DRG in November 1944, were taken over by PKP in 1945. These were 351,005 (ex SD 312.201, kkStB 151.01, Hanomag 504/1871), 351,007 (ex SD 312.218, kkStB 151.25, Schwartzkopff 208/1871) and 351,002 (ex SD 312.221, kkStB 151.28, Schwartzkopff 211/1871). These totally obsolete locomotives most probably saw no service and were scrapped. No Polish service numbers were assigned to them. Not a single example of this type has been preserved.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-         www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-         www.de.wikipedia.org;

-         EZ vol. 2.