163 / EU11II

 

163_7

 

162 006-1, photographed at the Liptovsky Mikulaš station on April 11, 2007.

 

163_1

 

Slovakian 163 134-8, photographed at the same location on April 16, 2009.

 

163_11

 

Another picture taken on this occasion: 163 058-1.

 

163_2

 

Tired-looking Czech 363 028-2, Petrovice, March 9, 2010. Externally this type is almost identical with 163.

 

163_3

 

163 034-2, ČD, photographed at the Jaromeř station on June 14, 2008.

 

163_4

 

163 048-2, still in ČD service; Wrocław Główny station, February 17, 2010. This locomotive has already been given the individual name ‘Jadwiga’.

 

163_5

 

‘Jadwiga’ again – this time at the Warszawa Wschodnia station with a train to Praha. April 6, 2011.

 

163_6

 

163 064-9, ČD, Bohumin, April 27, 2009.

 

163_8

 

362 12204, photographed on the same occasion.

 

163_9

 

Liptovsky Mikulaš again: 362 010-1, April 12, 2012.

 

163_12

 

163 059-9, Photographed on the same occasion.

 

163_10

 

Czech 163 047-4 (or ‘Gosia’, if you prefer), photographed in Zwardoń on April 18, 2009.

 

163_13

 

163 030-0 ‘Agata’ (formally EU11-405), Warszawa Wschodnia station, December 13, 2012.

 

 

‘Agata’ again, the same location, October 9, 2014.

 

163_14

 

Formally numbered EU11-414, this 163 046-6, or ‘Kasia’, was photographed at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on September 3, 2013.

 

163_15

 

163 026-8 (EU11-403) aka ‘Gabrysia’, displays both ČD and Przewozy Regionalne logos; Warszawa Wschodnia station, September 26, 2013. Photo by Chris West (thanks for permission!).

 

 

163 034-2 (or EU11-406) ‘Helena’, photographed at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on July 16, 2014.

 

 

163 021-9 (or EU11-401) ‘Małgosia’, photographed on the same occasion.

 

 

163 029-2 ‘Beata’ (formally EU11-404), Warszawa Wschodnia station, September 25, 2014.

 

 

163 022-7 ‘Ela’ (EU11-402), photographed on the same occasion.

 

 

163 040-9 ‘Edyta’ (EU11-408), the same location, October 28, 2014.

 

 

Warszawa Wschodnia again: 163 041-7 ‘Kamila’ (EU11-409), March 25, 2015.

In 2001 Polish state railways PKP were split into several companies, one of them being PKP Przewozy Regionalne (literally ‘regional traffic’). The PKP acronym was soon deleted from the company’s name. ‘New’ operator took over mainly obsolescent EN57 EMUs, later supplemented by a number of modern units from Stadler (class EN75) and PESA (classes ED59, EN77, EN81 and EN96). At an early stage it was decided to extend the scope of services and include also long-range traffic; this in fact involved direct competition with PKP InterCity. For this purpose, Przewozy Regionalne initially hired several EU07s and ET22s, but their number was far from sufficient. Hence a decision was taken to hire class 163 universal locomotives from Czech railways ČD – initially ten units, later increased to sixteen, plus one kept as a reserve. First was assigned to the Toruń depot in August 2012 and immediately found much favor with crews, being praised for comfort and modern equipment. Delivery was completed in October 2012 and Czech locomotives were to remain with Przewozy Regionalne until mid-2016. However, due to long-range traffic reduction and acquisition of several surplus EU07s and EP07s, lease period was shortened and last 163s were returned in September 2015.

Class 163 universal electric locomotive was developed by Škoda (factory type 71E, initial service designation E 499.3) on the basis of earlier two-system class 363 (3 kV DC, 25 kV/50 Hz), of which 181 were built between 1980 and 1990. Externally almost identical, this locomotive operates at 3 kV DC only; maximum speed remained unchanged, at 120 km/h. First batch of sixty examples was delivered to ČSD between 1984 and 1986. Second batch, also of sixty locomotives (factory type 99E, differing mainly in control systems), was built between 1991 and 1992, but due to finacial problems experienced by the state railways and disintegration of Czechoslovakia they remained at the Škoda premises for a couple of years. In 1995 Italian operator Ferrovia Nord Milano Esercizio S.p.A. (FNME, now Trenord) purchased nine examples; classed E630, they were sold to Czech Brno-based RegioJet private operator in 2010. In 1995 Slovakian railways ŽSR (now ŽSSK) finally took delivery of eleven examples and Czech ČD of the remaining forty.

Mention has to be made also of class 162, which is basically class 163 with changed reduction gear ratio (3.04 instead of 3.52) and other minor modifications; maximum speed was increased to 140 km/h and sixty examples were built in 1991. Class 362 was the analogous modification of 363. Only one example was built in 1990, but later 29 363s were upgraded to this standard and duly redesignated. Class 263 – basically single-system (25 kV/50Hz) version of 363, was built in twelve examples, last being delivered in 1988. Between 1993 and 2002, 28 162s (for ŽSSK and ČD, fourteen examples each) were fitted with class 363 bogies and also included in class 163, which thus formally numbers 148 examples.

All these – externally very similar – machines, nicknamed ‘Peršing’, currently comprise the most numerous electric locomotive type in Czech Republic and Slovakia, used mainly with passenger and express trains. They make a very favorable comparison with their Polish counterpart, EU07/EP07, being substantially more modern and powerful. In the Przewozy Regionalne fleet they were classed EU11 and numbered 401 through 416, although these numbers were assigned only formally. This class designation was used for the second time, but ‘first’ EU11, built by AdTranz Pafawag, never saw service with PKP, all 42 examples being eventually sold to Italy. Before their acqusition by Przewozy Regionalne, 163s in the ČD livery often hauled international passenger trains between Prague and Warsaw. This class is also distinguished by the fact that all sixteen locomotives were given individual female names – hitherto a rare practice in Poland.

 
Main technical data

 

No.

Parameter

Unit

Value

1.

Years of manufacture

-

1984-19921)

2.

Total built / used in Poland

-

1482) /17

3.

Axle arrangement

-

Bo’Bo

4.

Control

-

individual

5.

Design maximum speed

km/h

120

6.

Traction motors (number X type)

-

4

7.

Voltage

V

3000

8.

One-hour rating

kW/hp

9.

Continuous rating

kW/hp

3480 /

10.

Electric current at one-hour rating

A

11.

Electric current at continuous rating

A

12.

Rotational speed at one-hour rating

rpm

13.

Rotational speed at continuous rating

rpm

14.

Engine suspension

-

15.

Reduction gear ratio

-

3.52

16.

Diameter of drivers

mm

1250

17.

Total weight

kg

85 000

18.

Axle load

T

21.4

19.

Axle base

mm

20.

Overall length

mm

16 800

21.

Maximum width

mm

2 950

22.

Brake type

-

DAKO

 

1)      Excluding conversions.

2)      Including 28 conversions between 1993 and 2002.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-       MAL, AV;

-       SK, various issues;

-       www.kolejowaklatka.org (website by Marek Dąbrowski);

-       www.railfaneurope.net