EL.200

 

 

EL.201 (HCP 342/1937); photo from the monograph mentioned in references. It seems that very few photographs of this locomotive are known to exist.

 

 

EL.200 side drawing; source: KMD vol.2-3/2008

 

 

A lineup of EL.200s (the first one is EL.204), photographed probably somewhere in Warsaw; date unknown. Source: National Digital Archives (www.nac.gov.pl). Used by permission.

 

 

 

First Polish electric locomotives (class EL.100, post-war EP01) were basically line machines intended for long-distance trains. They were, however, used mainly for hauling passenger trains along the so-called Diameter Line through central Warsaw; for such service, a smaller machine with less power would suffice. It was thus decided to order four such machines from Cegielski company of Poznań (HCP – serial numbers 342 through 345), electric equipment being supplied mainly by English Electric Co. Ltd. Final assembly was completed in 1937 under the supervision of British specialists at the Lilpop, Rau & Loewenstein railway stock factory in Warsaw and new locomotives were classed EL.200 (service numbers EL.201 through EL.204).

EL.200 used many components of E92000 electric trainsets for suburban traffic (post-war PKP class EW51), then entering service, including traction engines and complete trucks. Compared to EL.100s, they were lighter by almost 13 tonnes (despite being ballasted with 6 tonnes of concrete blocks) and slightly shorter. Externally they could be distinguished by more angular body, as well as buffers and couplings mounted on body frame rather than on trucks. Their rated power was much lower, but sufficient for their intended service, which in fact was switching. Last example, EL.204, was fitted with electric steam generator for car heating, then a novelty in Poland.

Service of these machines was very short. Introduced in 1937, they served only until September 1939. Three were destroyed during German assault on Warsaw and one (EL.203) remained in use with Ostbahn – as E203 – in the capital until 1944. After 1945, this machine was unserviceable. EL203 was never restored in service; after cannibalization (traction engines and electric equipment was used to repair pre-war E92000 trainsets) its wreck remained at the Grochów locomotive depot in Warsaw until 1958. Unfortunately, this unique locomotive was finally scrapped. No post-war PKP class designation was given.


 

Main technical data

 

No.

Parameter

Unit

Value

1.

Years of manufacture

-

1937

2.

Total built / used in Poland

-

4 / 4

3.

Axle arrangement

-

Bo’Bo’

4.

Control

-

individual

5.

Design maximum speed

km/h

100

6.

Traction motors (number X type)

-

4 X ?

7.

Voltage

V

3000

8.

One-hour rating

kW/hp

588 / 800

9.

Continuous rating

kW/hp

432 / 588

10.

Electric current at one-hour rating

A

 

11.

Electric current at continuous rating

A

 

12.

Rotational speed at one-hour rating

rpm

 

13.

Rotational speed at continuous rating

rpm

 

14.

Engine suspension

-

nose-suspended

15.

Reduction gear ratio

-

74:21

16.

Diameter of drivers

mm

1000

17.

Total weight

kg

62 300

18.

Axle load

T

15.6

19.

Axle base

mm

10 120

20.

Overall length

mm

13 560

21.

Maximum width

mm

2 866

22.

Brake type

-

 

 

 

References and acknowledgments

 

Few data is available on these machines. Concise descriptions can be found in the monograph First Electric Locomotive of PKP EL.100 (EP01) by Edward Pokropiński (EMI Press 1995) and in KMD vol.2-3/2008.