182 / ET182

 

ET182_1

 

182 070-3 from the CTL Rail fleet, photographed in Zduńska Wola Karsznice on December 14, 2006.

 

ET182_2

 

182 163-6 (Lotos Kolej), photographed at the same location on May 27, 2007, has no new operator’s logo.

 

ET182_10

 

Another picture of the 182 163-6, taken at the same location on April 21, 2009.

 

ET182_3

 

This 182 101-6, photographed at the same location on March 16, 2008, is also operated by Lotos Kolej.

 

ET182_5

 

Another picture of the 182 101-6, taken at the same location on December 17, 2008.

 

ET182_6

 

182 115-6, photographed on the same day, is owned by STK and leased to Lotos Kolej.

 

ET182_15

 

Another picture of he 182 115-6, taken at the same location on April 6, 2010.

 

ET182_4

 

182 108-1, CTL Rail, photographed near the Poznań Franowo depot on May 15, 2008. The photo is perhaps not very good (although quite nice), but inwards-slanted louvers can be easily seen.

 

ET182_7

 

Back to Karsznice: 182 037-2 displays new CTL Logistics livery and Lotos Kolej logo; February 4, 2009.

 

ET182_9

 

182 064-6, owned by STK and leased to Lotos Kolej; Zduńska Wola Karsznice, March 18, 2009. Heraldic arms of Wrocław on the front wall, above service number, is not typical.

 

ET182_11

 

182 055-4, CTL, photographed at the Petrovice station in Czech Republic on April 27, 2009.

 

ET182_12

 

182 005-9, CTL (old livery version), Zduńska Wola Karsznice, June 1, 2009.

 

ET182_13

 

Two more pictures taken on the same occasion: 182 025-7…

 

ET182_14

 

…and 182 111-5.

 

ET182_15

 

182 002-6, leased to STK, displays its original Czech livery. Zduńska Wola Karsznice, December 21, 2011.

 

ET182_16

 

182 026-5, CTL Logistics, photographed in Sędziszów on January 8, 2012.

 

ET182_17

 

182 123-0, owned by Koleje Czeskie and leased to Lotos Kolej. Zduńska Wola Karsznice, February 29, 2012.

 

ET182_18

 

182-097, DB Schenker Rail Polska (but still in old PTKiGK livery); Sosnowiec Jęzor depot, April 10, 2012.

 

ET182_19

 Another locomotive owned by Koleje Czeskie and leased to Lotos Kolej: 182 164-4 (Škoda 5279/1965), Zduńska Wola Karsznice, June 27, 2012.

 

ET182_20

 

Two locomotives from the CTL Logistics fleet, photographed in Koluszki on June 27, 2012: 182 058-8…

 

ET182_21

 

…and182 007-5, still displaying the old livery.

 

ET182_22

 

The same location and the same operator: 182 055-4, July 25, 2012.

 

ET182_23

 

The same location, September 12, 2012. 182 107-3, owned by Koleje Czeskie and leased to Lotos Kolej.

 

ET182_24

 

Another photo, taken there two days later: 182 001-8 with the same history.

 

ET182_26

 

Karsznice again, December 9, 2012: 182 162-8 from the STK fleet.

 

ET182_25

 

Back to Koluszki: 182 120-6, CTL Logistics, September 14, 2012.

 

ET182_27

 

Another locomotive from the CTL Logistics fleet: 182 052-1, Zduńska Wola Karsznice, May 23, 2013.

 

ET182_28

 

Koluszki again: 182 100-8, probably also operated by CTL Logistics, but with no logo and in old livery; August 21, 2013.

 

 

Four pictures taken at the DB Schenker Rail Polska depot in Sosnowiec Jęzor on March 3, 2014: 182-153…

 

 

…E182-035…

 

 

…E182-087…

 

 

…and E182-028. Two different liveries (inherited from former sand railways) and two designation systems.

 

 

 

First post-war six-axle electric locomotives, built in quantity in Czechoslovakia (Škoda factory type 31E, ČSD class E 669.1, later re-classed 181), had somehow unsatisfactory running characteristics and were characterized by considerable impact on track while negotiating curves. An attempt to eradicate or at least alleviate these shortcomings was undertaken in their direct development, which appeared in 1963. This locomotive (Škoda factory type 59E) was classed E 669.2 and later re-classed 182. Until 1965, 168 examples were built for ČSD.

Class E 669.2 externally differed little from its predecessor, the most easily visible difference being inward-slanted louvers on air inlets in the upper part of the body. Total weight was reduced to 120 tonnes. Electric equipment was basically the same as in late production E 669.1s, with more powerful AD4346gT traction engines. In order to improve running characteristics, truck base was shortened by 200 mm. From 104th production machine onwards, due to installation of provisions for automatic couplers, overall length was increased by 140 mm; these machines could also be distinguished by four cabin doors instead of two. One locomotive (E 669.2103), built in 1964, was experimentally fitted with hydro-pneumatic suspension. Further development of the basic design resulted in type 61E (ČSD class E 669.3, later re-classed 183), intended exclusively for freight traffic, of which 43 examples were built in 1971. These locomotives differed mainly in suspension and externally were almost identical with their predecessors. These were the last six-axle electric locomotives for ČSD. Their intended replacement was a completely new machine, which appeared in 1994 as class 184.5, but production was limited to four examples, all of which went to an industrial operator.

Withdrawal of six-axle freighters (their common name was ‘Šestikolák’, or six-wheeler) from ČD and ŽSR began in the earnest in early 21st century. Whenever possible, their duties were taken over by four-axle locomotives, while heavy traffic remained a domain of two-section machines. On October 1, 2000, ČD had 86 examples and ŽSR 60. By January 1, 2006, their number with ČD has dwindled to 24; all 182s operated by ŽSR were formally written off in March 2006. Two machines have been preserved: ŽSR 182.133-9 (at the Vrútký depot) and ČD 182.168-5. A few went to various domestic private operators, but many more were sold to Poland. The first one (ŽSR 182.053-9, Škoda 5011/1964) arrived in November 2005, after an overhaul at the railway stock repair establishment of Zvolen, Slovakia. This machine went to PTKiGK Zabrze. It was followed in January 2006 by 182.097-6 for the same company. According to SK, information provided by Petr Štefek (thanks a lot!) and www.kolejowaklatka.org, until now – early 2014 – the number of 182s used by Polish private operators has reached 64 examples. This total does not include 182.010 operated by CTL Logistics, which was badly damaged in a crash on August 31, 2010, and subsequently written off. By far the largest fleet is that of CTL Logistics, numbering 42 examples. Eleven are operated by Lotos Kolej (all leased) and nine by DB Schenker Rail Polska. Single 182s are owned by CZ Loko and STK. Their designations are quite varied. First examples retained their service numbers, sometimes only written in slightly different manner (e.g. 182-053); it seems that this applied to all machines operated by PTKiGK Zabrze, at least initially. Several locomotives operated by CTL were initially assigned new class designation ET182 (a hybrid of Polish and Czechoslovakian systems) and new numbers (e.g. 182.121-4 became ET182-001). This system, however, has not been widely adopted. Some – possibly all – examples obtained by PTKiGK Rybnik were designated E182, retaining their service numbers preceeded by a hyphen. Others are operated with their original numbers. As with 181s, locomotives obtained from Czech Republic are on lease and formally remain the ČD property. Further purchases may follow, but it seems that resources of 182s in Czech Republic and Slovakia are beginning to dry out.

 

 

Main technical data

 

No.

Parameter

Unit

Value

1.

Years of manufacture

-

1963 – 1965

2.

Total built / used in Poland

-

1681) /642)

3.

Axle arrangement

-

Co’Co

4.

Control

-

individual

5.

Design maximum speed

km/h

90

6.

Traction motors (number X type)

-

6 X AD4346gT

7.

Voltage

V

3000

8.

One-hour rating

kW/hp

9.

Continuous rating

kW/hp

2790 / 3795

10.

Electric current at one-hour rating

A

11.

Electric current at continuous rating

A

12.

Rotational speed at one-hour rating

rpm

13.

Rotational speed at continuous rating

rpm

14.

Engine suspension

-

Sécheron

15.

Reduction gear ratio

-

84:37

16.

Diameter of drivers

mm

1250

17.

Total weight

kg

120 000

18.

Axle load

T

20.0

19.

Axle base

mm

13 000

20.

Overall length

mm

18 9403)

21.

Maximum width

mm

2 950

22.

Brake type

-

Oerlikon

 

1)      Excluding later variant E 669.3 (later class 183).

2)      Early 2014.

3)      Initially (up to E 669.104 exclusive) 18 800 mm.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-       AL, AV;

-       SK, various issues;

-       Petr Štefek (http://spz.logout.cz, also private communication);

-       www.kolejowaklatka.org (website by Marek Dąbrowski).