EU43II and EU47




EU43-004 (Bombardier 34343/2007), photographed at the Poznań Franowo station on October 28, 2008.




EU43-003 (Bombardier 34334/2007), Poznań Główny station, March 8, 2008. Photo by Marek Dąbrowski (thanks for permission!).




FS (Trenitalia Regionale) class E464 is a single-cabin variant of the basic design. This E464.280 was photographed at the Trieste Centrale station on October 5, 2008.




In late 2009, E186 147-5 was leased by Lotos Kolej from Railpool. This picture was taken at the Zduńska Wola Karsznice station on November 23, 2009.




Severe winter 2010: E186 141-8, PKP Przewozy Regionalne, photographed in Katowice with the 36122 train. Photo by Ryszard Rusak (thanks for permission!).




Another TRAXX used by PKP Przewozy Regionalne: E186 143-4, photographed at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on February 24, 2010.




E186 135-0, operated by DB; photo taken in Rzepin on May 15, 2009.




E186 139-2, leased by Lotos Kolej; Zduńska Wola Karsznice, April 6, 2010.




Two more locomotives from the Lotos Kolej fleet, photographed at the same location: E186 137-6. May 19, 2010…




…and E186 145-9, two days later.




The same location: E186 136-8, July 12, 2010.




Another picture of the E186 137-6, taken at the same location on August 30, 2010.




E186 271-3, also from the Lotos Kolej fleet, photographed at the same location two days later.




Next visit to Karsznice: May 11, 2011. E186 139-2…




…and E186 276-2.




The same location, September 9, 2011: E186 139-2, Lotos Kolej.




EU47-005 ‘Stanisław Koniecpolski’, Koleje Mazowieckie, photographed at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on October 13, 2011. Plate bearing the individual name can be seen below the small window in the side wall.




On the following day, I took a picture of the EU47-009 ‘Jan Amor Tarnowski’ at the TRAKO 2011 Fair in Gdańsk.




Cab interior of the EU47-009.




Side drawing of the P160DC; source: Bombardier folder.




A lineup of four locomotives: E 186 276-2, E 186 275-4, E 483 253 and E 483 252, with a SM42 between, from the Lotos Kolej fleet; Zduńska Wola Karsznice, November 17, 2011.




E 186 273-9, the same location, December 19, 2011…




…and E 483 258, two days later.




E186 272-1, Photographed in Tomaszów Mazowiecki on April 10, 2012.




Back to Zduńska Wola Karsznice: E 483 252, June 25, 2012.




Another locomotive from the Lotos Kolej fleet: E 186 275-4, photographed in Koluszki on July 23, 2012.




EU47-003 ‘Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski’ arrives at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on April 17, 2013.




The same location and exactly one month later: EU47-009 ‘Jan Amor Tarnowski’ again.




Back to Zduńska Wola Karsznice: E483-254 operated by Lotos Kolej, July 5, 2013.




The same location and operator, August 21, 2013: E186 146-7.




EU47-001 ‘Jan Karol Chodkiewicz’, photographed at the Warszawa Falenica station on September 14, 2013.



Austrian 185 528-7 (LTE), photographed in Wels on August 9, 2006. Photo by Ernst Wolf (from my collection).



Zduńska Wola Karsznice again: E483.256, Lotos Kolej, May 3, 2014.



E186 250 from the Orlen KolTrans fleet displays an interesting livery variant: Warszawa Okęcie siding, October 9, 2014.



The same day: EU47-006 ‘Hetman Mikołaj Potocki’, operated by Koleje Mazowieckie, enters Warszawa Wschodnia station.



The same locomotive, photographed at the Warszawa Wschodnia station on June 14, 2015.



The same operator and the same location: EU47-004 ‘Hetman Mikołaj Kamieniecki’, October 8, 2015.



EU47-006 at the Warszawa Wschodnia station again, this time on the cloudy and rainy day of January 28, 2016.



EU47-009 again; Warszawa Wschodnia station, April 14, 2016.



The same location and date: E186 275-4…



… and E186 143-4, both owned by Railpool and leased to DB Fernverkehr.



Warszawa Wschodnia again: EU47-008 ‘Mikołaj Sieniawski’, February 2, 2017.



The same location and operator: EU47-010 ‘Hetman Jan Zamoyski’, September 17, 2017.



And once again: EU47-004 ‘Hetman Mikołaj Kamieniecki’, October 12, 2017.



E483 255, owned by Railpool and operated by Lotos Kolej, derailed in Gniezno on October 23, 2017. Source:



EU47-006 ‘Hetman Mikołaj Potocki’, Koleje Mazowieckie, Warszawa Wschodnia station, September 11, 2017.



The same location: EU47-011 ‘Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski’, also operated by Koleje Mazowieckie. August 18, 2021.


Almost eight years after PKP finally gave up the purchase of eight EU43s, already completed by ADtranz Pafawag of Wrocław (factory type 112E), this designation re-appeared in the company rosters. This time it was assigned to six TRAXX F140MS locomotives, built by Bombardier Transportation.

TRAXX commercial name refers to a family of modern locomotives, both electric and diesel. Its starting point was DB class 145, built by ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation, which appeared in 1997 and was later built in series (80 examples, plus 22 for private operators). This type was later developed into classes 185 (freight, 2001) and 146 (passenger, 2002), when ABB Daimler-Benz (later ADtranz DaimlerChrysler Rail System) had already been absorbed by Bombardier Transportation. In 2003 a commercial name TRAXX was devised – and retroactively applied – for them, as well as for the entire family of locomotives characterized by modular design and many common sub-assemblies.

Individual types from the TRAXX family are identified with a letter (F for freight, P for passenger) and numerical symbol determining maximum service speed (140 or 160). Currently there are four basic sub-families, namely:

-       TRAXX AC (15 kV/16 2/3 Hz or 25 kV/50 Hz): F140AC1, F140AC2, P160AC1 and P160AC2 – last digit 2 distinguishes later variant with modified current converters and air-conditioning system, as well as numerous minor improvements);

-       TRAXX DC (3 kV DC): F140DC, F160DC and P160DC;

-       TRAXX MS (multi-system 15 kV/16 2/3 Hz or 25 kV/50 Hz and 3 kV or 1.5 kV DC): F140MS;

-       TRAXX DE (diesel-electric): F140DE and P160DE.

These locomotives have been ordered by DB (classes 146, 146.1, 146.2, 185 and 185.2), SBB and BLS (classes Re 482, Re 484, Re 485 and Re 486) and RENFE (class S253). Apart from these national operators they have been supplied to a number of private railways and leasing companies. Until late 2008, according to lists given in SK, 737 electric and 21 diesel locomotives were delivered or ordered, with several more orders likely to follow. The majority is composed of DB classes 185 (F140AC1, 200 built) and 185.2 (F140AC2, 200 ordered, 164 delivered until March 2009). All were built at the former Henschel plant in Kassel, only F140DCs are built in series by former ABB Tecnomasio (later ADtranz Italia) plant in Vado Ligure. All bodies are manufactured in Wrocław.

Mention must also be made of FS (Trenitalia Regionale) class E464, which is a ‘scaled-down’ single-cabin variant of the TRAXX DC, rated at 3000 kW. This class was selected as the basic locomotive for regional passenger traffic, as many as 538 examples being ordered in 2000. Further orders brought their total number up to 688 examples, scheduled for delivery until 2013.

First two-system TRAXX F140MS locomotives were delivered in May 2004 for Swiss SBB railways, but their largest recipient was Angel Trains Cargo (ATC – now Alpha Trains) leasing company, which since March 2005 has taken the delivery of 78 examples (out of 159 built), classed E186. In February 2007, E186 126 (s/n 34305/2006) underwent first tests in Poland and in November six locomotives were leased by PKP Cargo from Alpha Trains, since 2009 known as Angel Trains, for three years (later extended to four). They arrived in December 2007 and January 2008 and were classed EU43; all were based at the Poznań Franowo depot. Initially, until April 2008, four of them ran with passenger trains, but later all were used exclusively in freight traffic between Poland (Poznań) and Germany (Seddin near Berlin). All were returned between January and March and replaced in the PKP Cargo fleet by class 189, leased from MRCE Dispolok.

In April 2008 two more locomotives of this type, E186 136 and 137, owned by CB Rail, were leased to ITL Polska of Wrocław (a subsidiary of Dresden-based Import Transport Logistik), with the intention to establish freight traffic to and from Rotterdam. Five more followed in May 2009 (E186-138, -140, -242, -243 and -244), but all were later returned. In November 2009 Lotos Kolej leased E186-147 from Railpool GmbH; next February a contract was signed for leasing five more examples of the F140MS, which arrived in March – their included ex-CB Rail -136 and -137. They have been the first brand-new electric locomotives in the company’s fleet, which has hitherto relied on elderly ex-ČD 181s and 182s. Next last recipient of the TRAXX locomotives was PKP Przewozy Regionalne: three examples (also leased from Railpool: E186-141, -143 and -145) arrived between December 2009 and January 2010, but in March all were transferred to Lotos Kolej. On April 20, 2010, Bombardier received an order from Koleje Mazowieckie for eleven P160DC single-system locomotives, to be operated with new push-pull drafts. Deliveries were completed in August 2011 and new locomotives were designated EU47 – in fact, EU11 would have been more appropriate, but KM do not have to comply with PKP designation system. They were also given individual names, for the first time in the history of Polish railways, at least officially. All were named after famous Polish hetmans (high-rank military commanders of old times), hence the entire class is referred to as ‘Hetman’. On July 26, 2010, Lotos Kolej decided to lease six more examples from Railpool and extend the lease of eight already in use until December 2015. Pol-Miedź Trans also ordered two F140DCs, which arrived in January 2011 (numbered E483.201 and E483.202). After all transfers, at the time of writing (late 2011), Polish fleet of the E186s numbers 48 examples, but will grow up in the nearest future. The largest fleet is that of Lotos Kolej (twenty-two); PKP Cargo has six, Koleje Mazowieckie – eleven, Freightliner PL – three (leased in 2011 from RBS Asset Finance Europe), Orlen KolTrans – three and Pol-Miedź Trans – two. ITL currently has only one.

Moreover, in October 2009 Lotos Kolej ordered six examples of the TRAXX F140DE diesels, plus optionally four more. Deliveries began in mid-2011. This type is described under a separate entry. In July 2018 Bombardier Transportation announced that total production of locomotives of the TRAXX family exceeded 2 200 examples.


Main technical data







Years of manufacture


since 2004


Total built / used in Poland


1591) / 483)


Axle arrangement








Design maximum speed


160 / 1402)


Traction motors (number x type)






3000 DC /

15 000 16 2/3 Hz4)


One-hour rating



Continuous rating


5 600 / 7 615


Electric current at one-hour rating



Electric current at continuous rating



Rotational speed at one-hour rating



Rotational speed at continuous rating



Engine suspension



Reduction gear ratio



Diameter of drivers


1 250


Total weight


84 000


Axle load




Axle base


13 040


Overall length


18 900


Maximum width


2 977


Brake type




1)   F140MS only, until late 2008.

2)   Germany and Austria, also P160DC of Koleje Mazowieckie / Poland.

1)   Until December 2011, includes six EU43s returned to Angel Trains in early 2012.

2)   Only 3000 V DC in P160DC


References and acknowledgments


-       Monographic article by Ryszard Rusak (SK vol. 2/2009 and 3/2009);

-       Article by Paweł Terczyński (SK vol. 4/2010);


-       Ryszard Rusak and Marek Dąbrowski (private communication – thanks for the photos!);

-       SK, various issues.