Th14

 

 

CLB No. 90 ‘Zborów’ (Esslingen 1009/1870) in 1892 became kkStB 38.33 and was withdrawn in January 1906. Source: www.commons.wikimedia.org.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Since mid-1860s Austrian locomotive manufacturers supplied considerable number of 0-3-0 freight locomotives for various private railways, most of which were later absorbed by kaiserlich-königliche österreichische Staatsbahnen (kkStB). Although built against individual orders, most of these engine types were of similar appearance, with prominent steam domes, high smokestacks and drivers about 1200 mm in diameter; most featured outer frames. Their kkStB class designations depended on the particular railway they came from. Many of these locomotives, often obsolete, were taken over by PKP; this explains why ex-Austrian 0-3-0s were later assigned class designations Th11 through 24. In several cases assignment of individual designations to locomotive types is not known; on the other hand, the question is often academic, as less numerous classes were withdrawn before new system actually came into use. This is also the case with class Th14, former kkStB class 38.

In 1868 StEG built eight class IIId locomotives for k.k.priv. Galizische Carl Ludwig-Bahn (CLB). Further orders were placed with Esslingen (56 examples delivered between 1870 and 1873). In 1874 StEG built eighteen modified engines (class IIIe), followed by five class IIIg from Wiener Neustadt between 1877 and 1878 and eight class IIIf from StEG in 1878. This gives the total of 95 examples. In 1892 CLB was taken over by kkStB and all these locomotives were classed 38. Service numbers ran up to 38.97 – numbers 38.07 and 38.08 were not used. Typically they ran with class 20 tenders.  In order to introduce some measure of standardization, 38s were fitted with new boilers of modified design. Withdrawals of these elderly engines became in 1898 and as many as 59 engines were written off before the outbreak of the war. In 1904 one locomotive (Esslingen 1225/1873) was transferred to military railways. Further eight 38s were written off during the war, six fell into Russian hands and one (38.20, StEG 859/1868) served with Italian FS as 221.001 until November 1924. Twenty were taken over by PKP, but all were withdrawn between 1919 and 1926 – no wonder, given their age and obsolescence. Class designation Th14 was thus assigned only formally. No locomotive of this type has been preserved.  

 


Main technical data

 

No.

Parameter

Unit

Value

1.

Years of manufacture

-

1868 – 1878

2.

Total built / used in Poland

-

95 / 20

3.

Tender class

-

4.

Axle arrangement

-

0-3-0

5.

Design maximum speed

km/h

45

6.

Cylinder bore

mm

2 X 422

7.

Piston stroke

mm

632

8.

Engine rating

kW/hp

9.

Tractive effort

kG

10.

Boiler pressure

MPa

1.02

11.

Grate dimensions

m X m

1.64 m2

12.

Firebox heating surface

m2

7.5

13.

Distance between tube plates

mm

14.

Number of flue tubes

-

165

15.

Heating surface of flue tubes

m2

111.5

16.

Number of smoke tubes

-

-

17.

Heating surface of smoke tubes

m2

-

18.

Evaporating surface, total

m2

119.0

19.

Superheater heating surface

m2

-

20.

Diameter of drivers

mm

1258

21.

Diameter of idlers front/rear

mm

- / -

22.

Total weight, empty

kg

31 900

23.

Total weight, working order

kg

36 900

24.

Weight on drivers, working order

kg

36 900

25.

Weight with tender, empty

kg

41 900

26.

Weight with tender, working order

kg

61 900

27.

Maximum axle load

T

28.

Axle base (with tender)

mm

10 400

29.

Overall length (with tender)

mm

30.

Brake type

-

Hand / Hardy

 

 Note: all data for ultimate kkStB re-boilered version.

 

References and acknowledgments

 

-       www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik (website by Josef Pospichal);

-       TK vol. 2, LP.