CFR No.1409 (Jung 1881/1913), location and date unknown. Collection Ilie Popescu (via ITFR vol. 1).
CFR No.1422 (Henschel 21301/1913), Râul Vadului depot, April 1941. Collection Gottfried Wild (via ITFR vol. 1).
Before WWI Romanian state railways CFR (Căile Ferate Române) purchased their motive power abroad, mainly in Germany and Austro-Hungary. In 1910 Henschel delivered 27 universal locomotives with the 1-3-0 axle arrangement and 1350 mm drivers, running on superheated steam. They were given CFR service numbers 1351 through 1377. In 1911 the next batch from Jung followed, numbering also 27 examples (1379 through 1405), but running on saturated steam. Further engines were of the same variety: twelve from Jung and ten from Henschel in 1913 (1406 through 1417 and 1418 through 1427, respectively), 37 from Henschel in 1914 (1286 through 1288 and 1317 through 1350) and four from Hanomag, also in 1914 (1290 through 1293). This gives a total of 117 locomotives; last of them survived in the CFR service until 1950.
According to LP, German military railways took over five locomotives of this type, numbered 4001 through 4005 and assigned to Militäreisenbahn-Generaldirektion (MGD) Warschau. Four of them were built by Henschel (factory numbers 12874 through 12877, envisaged CFR service numbers 1347 through 1350). These were the last four examples from final order placed with this manufacturers, undelivered due to hostilities. According to Henschel factory list by Jens Merte, downloadable from www.werkbahn.de/eisenbahn/lokbau/, they were built in 1914; LP and ITFR give 1917, which may indicate that the original order placed in 1914 was finally completed three years later. MGD Warschau 4005 is another story. According to LP, this was a locomotive from the batch of 27 examples ordered from Jung in 1911, with factory number 1575 and CFR service number 1391. If this was the case, it remains to be explained how this particular engine found its way to Germany from initially neutral and later hostile Romania; was booty seems a reasonable explanation, but confirmation is lacking. This locomotive was later transferred to MGD Kolberg. To complicate things even further, ITFR states that No. 1391 remained in Romania and was written off in 1935!
All but one locomotive of this type operated by German military railways were taken over by PKP. They were initially classed G5Rm, with G5 referring to former Prussian class of similar characteristics and ‘Rm’ indicating origin – Romania. Later they were classed Ti102; MGD Kolberg 4005 became Ti102-1, while MGD Warschau 4002 through 4004 became Ti102-2 through 4. The fate of the MGD Warschau 4001 is unknown. According to ITFR, all engines taken over by PKP were of the saturated steam variant. However, locomotive types list, issued by the Ministry of Transport in 1927, states they were superheated, and superheater parameters are given, which may indicate reconstruction. This question requires further study. All four Ti102s were written off in February 1939.
Not a single locomotive of this type has been preserved and photographs are very rare. According to LP, only one picture of a Ti102 is known, of rather poor quality.
Main technical data*)
*) Data for the superheated version.
References and acknowledgments
- LP, ITFR vol. 1;
- Charakterystyka parowozów (Steam Locomotive Characteristics) by A. Czeczott (Ministry of Transport, 1927);
- Jung and Henschel factory lists, compiled by Jens Merte (see maintext).